The Wedding Sign (John 2:1-11)
Reasons to Believe: The Wedding Sign!
John 2: 1-11
September 19, 2021
Jesus Reveals His Deity!
A. Nathanael encounter with Jesus! (1:49)
1. How do YOU know me? (Maybe Philip told Him)
“Under the fig tree, I saw you” “Nathaniel learns, to his great
astonishment, that the penetrating eye of his new Master had
entered even the sanctuary of his inner devotions beneath the fig-
tree.” Only supernatural knowledge could reveal this!
2. You are the Son of God, the King of Israel
Key: “And in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be
blessed.” (Gen 28:14) “Jacob’s ladder finds its antitype or
fulfilment in Christ.” Point: Jesus Christ “the link between
heaven and earth, the bond of union between God and man, the
One who by means of his sacrifice reconciles God to man.”
Jesus and His disciples were invited to a wedding!
A. The 3rd day - after gaining Philip and Nathanael as disciples.
1. There are 6 disciples at this time (Andrew, John, Peter, James,
Philip, and Nathaniel). Cana of Galilee was 8-9 miles north of
Nazareth (about 28 miles from Bethany beyond the Jordan).
2. Mother of Jesus was also in attendance.
B. Jewish weddings:
1. At the end of the betrothal period, about a year, the groom would
host the wedding feast and be responsible for the week long
celebration. Groom had spent the year building the house, etc.
2. “Jewish weddings were important and joyful occasions in the
lives of the bride and the groom and their extended families, and
the entire community joined in the celebration.”
C. Crisis at the celebration: the wine had run out!
1. Wine was considered a staple article of food. Wine: fermented or
unfermented, was not important to the story.
2. “To run out of supplies would be a dreadful embarrassment in a
‘shame’ culture; there is some evidence it could also lay the
groom open to a lawsuit from aggrieved relatives of the bride.”
D. A mother’s expectation: Jesus fix it!
1. It is likely that Mary had come to rely upon Jesus and His
resourcefulness. Since Joseph is not mentioned beyond the Jesus
at age 12, it is presumed he is dead and Jesus would help provide
for the family. As a carpenter (Mark 6:3) w/4 brothers and sisters
2. Woman (Jesus refers to His mother 2x in John (John 19:26))
Term is highly respectful and affectionate. “Ma’am”
E. The role and relationship have changed!
1. What does your concern have to do with me? Why do you
involve Me? No hostility or disrespect was intended or implied.
a. A recognition that family relationships were not the
determining factor in His life. “Jesus was directed not by his
mother nor by his brothers but by his relationship to the Father,
in whose bosom the Son existed. He came to fulfill the Father’s
purpose for him; namely, he came to make the Father known.
Mary must look at Him as her Lord! Jn 1:18, 7:2-8. Matt 12:46.
b. Jesus was to do the will of His Father and act on His authority.
Luke 2:48 - 50.
c. At the cross, Jesus provides for His mother. (John 19:26-27)
2. My hour has not yet come!
a. Hour - refers to the glorification of Jesus (death & resurrection)
b. “In the Gospel of John the entire life of Jesus was directed
toward obeying the Father and fulfilling the hour.”
F. Whatever He says, do it! (v.5)
Why? Servants would think it strange to receive orders from a
stranger and thinking the order foolish might not be willing to obey!
Even so, “she responds as a believer and her faith is honored.”
The Wedding Sign: Revealing His glory!
A. Fill the six stone water jars with water to the brim! (120-180 gallons)
Used by Jews, per the Levitical rules, for water purification rites.
1. Take it to the master of the feast. (maître d’ or chief steward)
2. Saving the best for last! (v.9-10) Think about the servants!
3. Notice the abundance of Jesus gift to this wedding!
B. The purpose for the sign:
“This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and
manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.”
1. Sign - the beginning or first of signs, “because it points to a new
dispensation of grace and fulfillment that Jesus is inaugurating.”
2. Manifest His glory!
“John prefers the simple word ‘signs’: Jesus’ miracles are
never simply naked displays of power, still less neat conjuring
tricks to impress the masses, but signs, significant displays of
power that point beyond themselves to the deeper realities
that could be perceived with the eyes of faith.”
3. The disciples believed! “Their faith was greatly strengthened. So
It will be through this Gospel. Jesus will increasingly reveal
Himself while the disciples grow in knowledge and trust and the
Jews will become increasingly hostile until the culmination.”
4. Jesus is the Messianic Bridegroom! (John 3:27-30)
God has saved “the Best for last”! Pictured in the marriage
supper of the Lamb. Rev. 19:7-9.
Have you accepted your invitation from Jesus?